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Journal Papers:     († co-first authors; * corresponding authors)

20. J. Gao, J. Zhou, C. Wang, X. Ma, K. Jiang, E. Kim, C. Li, H. Liu, L. Xu, H.C. Shum, S.-P. Feng, and D.-M. Shin*, “Engineered networking in a family of solvent-free single-ion conducting borate network polymer electrolytes for Li-metal battery applications” Chemical Engineering Journal 450, 138407 (2022).

19. H. He†, X. Wei†, B. Yang, H. Liu, M. Sun, Y. Li, A. Yan, C.Y. Tang, Y. Lin*, and L. Xu*, “Ultrastrong and Multifunctional Aerogels with Hyperconnective Network of Composite Polymeric Nanofibers” Nature Communications 13, 4242 (2022). (pdf)

18. H. Li, Z. Wang, M. Sun, H. Zhu, H. Liu, C.Y. Tang, and L. Xu*, “Breathable and Skin-Conformal Electronics with Hybrid Integration of Microfabricated Multifunctional Sensors and Kirigami-Structured Nanofibrous Substrates” Advanced Functional Materials 2202792 (2022).(

17. H. He, Y. Li, H. Liu, Y. Kim, A. Yan, and L. Xu*, “Elastic, Conductive, and Mechanically Strong Hydrogels from Dual-Crosslinked Aramid Nanofiber Composites” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13, 7539 (2021). (pdf

16. H. Li, H. Liu, M. Sun, Y.A. Huang*, and L. Xu*, “3D Interfacing Between Soft Electronic Tools and Complex Biological Tissues” Advanced Materials 33, 2004425 (2021). (pdf)

15. L. Xu, X. Zhao, C. Xu, and N.A. Kotov*, “Water-Rich Biomimetic Composites with Abiotic Self-Organizing Nanofiber Network” Advanced Materials  30, 1703343 (2018). (pdf)

(cover highlight, also highlighted on Michigan News and by other public news agencies)

14. J. Lyu, M.D. Hammig, L. Liu, L. Xu, H. Chi, C. Uher, T. Li, and N.A. Kotov*, “Stretchable Conductors by Kirigami Patterning of Aramid-Silver Nanocomposites with Zero Conductance Gradient” Applied Physics Letters 111, 161901 (2017).

13. L. Xu*, T.C. Shyu, and N.A. Kotov* “Origami and Kirigami Nanocomposites” ACS Nano 11, 7587 (2017). (pdf)

12. J. Zhu, M. Yang, A. Emre, J.H. Bahng, L. Xu, J. Yeom, B. Yeom, Y. Kim, K. Johnson, P. Green, and N.A. Kotov*, “Branched Aramid Nanofibers” Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56, 11744 (2017).

11. J. Lyu, X. Wang, L. Liu, Y. Kim, E.K. Tanyi, H. Chi, W. Feng, L.Xu, T. Li, M.A. Noginov, C. Uher, M.D. Hammig, and N.A. Kotov*, “High Strength Conductive Composites with Plasmonic Nanoparticles Aligned on Aramid Nanofibers” Advanced Functional Materials 26, 8435 (2016).

10. L. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Kim, T.C. Shyu, J. Lyu, and N.A. Kotov*, “Kirigami Nanocomposite as Wide-Angle Diffraction Gratings” ACS Nano 10, 6156 (2016). (pdf)

9. Y. Su*, Z. Liu, and L. Xu, “A Universal and Easy-to-Use Model for the Pressure of Arbitrary-Shape 3D Multifunctional Integumentary Cardiac Membranes” Advanced Healthcare Materials 5, 889 (2016). (cover highlight)
8. T.C. Shyu, P.F. Damasceno, P.M. Dodd, A. Lamoureux, L. Xu, M. Shlian, M. Shtein*, S.C. Glotzer*, and N.A. Kotov*, “A kirigami approach to engineering elasticity in nanocomposites” Nature Materials 14, 785 (2015). (cover highlight) (pdf)

7. J.-W. Jeong, G. Shin, S.I. Park, K.J. Yu, L. Xu, and J.A. Rogers*, "Soft Materials in Neuroengineering for Hard Problems in Neuroscience" Neuron 86, 175 (2015). 

6. L. Xu, S.R. Gutbrod, Y. Ma, A. Petrossians, Y. Liu, R.C. Webb, Z. Yang, J.A. Fan, R.Xu, J.J. Whalen, J.D. Weiland, Y. Huang, I.R. Efimov, and J.A. Rogers*, “Materials and Fractal Designs for 3D Multifunctional Integumenraty Membranes with Capabilities in Cardiac Electrotherapy” Advanced Materials 27, 1731 (2015). (frontispiece highlight) (pdf)

5. L. Xu†, S.R. Gutbrod†, A.P. Bonifas, Y. Su, M.S. Sulkin, N. Lu, H.-J. Chung, K.-I. Jang, Z. Liu, M. Ying, C. Lu, R.C. Webb, J.-S. Kim, J.I. Laughner, H. Cheng, Y. Liu, A. Ameen, Y. Huang, I.R. Efimov*, and J.A. Rogers*, "3D Multifunctional Integumentary Membranes for Spatiotemporal Cardiac Measurements and Stimulation across the Entire Epicardium" Nature Communications 5, 3329 (2014). (pdf)

(highlighted on Nature and many public news agencies including National Geographic, MIT Technology Review, ABCetc.)

4. D.-H. Kim†, R. Ghaffari†, N. Lu†, S. Wang†, S.P. Lee, H. Keume, R. D'Angelo, L. Klinker, Y. Su, C. Lu, Y.-S. Kim, A. Ameen, Y. Li, Y. Zhang, B. de Graff, Y.-Y. Hsu, Z. Liu, J. Ruskin, L. Xu, C. Lu, F.G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, M. Mansour, M.J. Slepian, and J.A. Rogers*, "Electronic Sensor and Actuator Webs for Large-Area Complex Geometry Cardiac Mapping and Therapy" PNAS 109, 19910 (2012).

3. D.-H. Kim†, N. Lu†, R. Ma†, Y.-S. Kim, R.-H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S.M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K.J. Yu, T.-I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H.-J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y.-W. Zhang, F.G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J.A. Rogers*, "Epidermal Electronics" Science 333, 838 (2011).  (pdf)

2. D.-H. Kim†, N. Lu†, R. Ghaffari†, Y.-S. Kim, S.P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R.-H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M.J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S.-M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J.A. Rogers*, "Materials for Multifunctional Balloon Catheters with Capabilities in Cardiac Electrophysiological Mapping and Ablation Therapy" Nature Materials 10, 316 (2011).

1. L. Xu, Y.-L. Liu, H.-B. Zhou, L.-H. Liu, and G.-H. Lu*, “Ideal Strengths, Structure Transitions, and Bonding Properties of a ZnO Single Crystal under Tension” Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 21, 495402 (2009).